Side dump trailer are vehicles that carry loads or commodities in a bin or tray where one side or end will lift high enough to let the loads slide or tip out.
Unloading a side dump trailer can be a quick process and this task can be undertaken with a large amount of load. However, during this tipping action, there is a risk of entirely tipping the vehicle over.
Accidents and dangerous situations occur frequently because drivers of tipping vehicles fail to follow safe operating procedures. This can result in the death or serious injury of the driver and/or others. In addition to the potential danger to life, if safe working practices have not been maintained the vehicle and surrounding property may be severely damaged in the event of an accident.
This paper was developed in order to educate industry members, and the wider community, on the risks of side dump trailer tipping over.
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They are often used off-road (e.g. construction sites), on the ground that may not be level or stable. During the unloading process, any lateral slope on the ground may cause the bin to tilt over to one side, shifting its centre of gravity closer to the point where
It could topple; if unstable ground also allows the wheels on one side of the vehicle to sink, this increases the lateral tilt; Some products, such as wet soil, may not completely slide out of the bin; the remaining material at the top of the bin will increase the risk of toppling.
Tipping over is dangerous for nearby people and the driver, as well as putting equipment at risk of damage. Unfortunately, incidents are common.
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A side dump trailer has hydraulic rams that tilt the body to dump material to the right or left side of the trailer. This allows for maximum payload, as well as rapid unloading. The trailer also remains stable during the dumping cycle.
Side dumps are being used in site prep and other construction work, demolition and debris work. The water-tight tub makes it ideal to haul products that would leak out of an end dump or other trailer.
Specializes in site preparation, road construction, demolition work, environmental and emergency cleanup, as well as dirt, sand, rock and gravel hauling. It extensively uses side dump trains, which consist of two trailers hooked together.
The side dump trailer's 50° dump angle ensures the product comes out faster and cleaner. That's especially important when hauling dirt. Nothing sticks to the tub. Another great thing about my side dumps is that the dump distance is so far from wheels, never worry about running over the product or damaging my tires.
Nowadays, virtually all tippers operate hydraulically and come in a variety of configurations, each designed to accomplish a specific task in the bulk material supply chain. They are not only used in the mining and construction industry but also cart bulk freight like grain and fertilizer, sand, gravel, pellets and even pet food. They are typically powered by an electric or pneumatic motor or a hydraulic line from the PTO (power take-off) mounted on the truck.
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In the mining and construction segment, the side tipper has come to dominate the industry. It can boast hydraulic rams, which tilt the dump body onto its side, spilling the material to either the left or right side of the side dump trailer. Most manufacturers use twin slave hydraulic cylinder rams that tilt the tub bed to dispose of the material. Experienced operators can place the material on-site, and on spot, eliminating the need for additional machinery to spread a stockpile of material.
As opposed to the traditional end dump design, the side tipper is almost immune to tipping over while dumping. It is, however, highly likely that it will tip over if dumping is stopped prematurely. Also, when dumping loose materials or cobble-sized stones, the side dump model can become stuck if the dumped load is fouling the path of the wheels.
Depending on the application, the problem is tackled by experimenting with a varying dump angle. Some manufacturers reach a dump angle of 50° – ensuring less material will get stuck in the tub, thus preventing tipping over or cracking during the unloading process.
Regardless of the tipping angle, side dump trailer the body must be strong, yet flexible enough to allow for bending and twisting without cracking. While chassis design, tire size and load often restrain the size of the tub, the choice of building materials has changed constantly to meet that challenge.
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In the past half-century, the industry has seen bodies made from timber, mild steel, aluminum, and even glass-fiber-reinforced plastic – but it is the recent advent of high-tensile steel has given the industry a notable push. The material is able to challenge most alternatives in regard to weight and durability.
Tough and malleable at the same time, it can cater to a variety of cargo, from sand or gravel to coarse bulk cargo or spoil – a key advantage in the side dump trailer market, which is focusing on the mining and resources segment-first and foremost.
Covering a thickness range from 0.7 mm to 130 mm and beyond, high-tensile steel is a wear-resistant material with very consistent features that makes it easy to process. Lately, ultra-thin steel has taken the centre stage, as lightweight vehicles that provide maximum payload are sought-after around the globe to help cut fuel consumption and reduce adverse environmental impacts.
Around the globe, and irrespective of the industry, it is the low center of gravity that is responsible for the side dump trailer ongoing success. Plus, it has a second safety advantage over the end dump variant, as it gives the driver a perfect view of the load whilst unloading. The ability to stockpile material in a row has made it an indispensable tool in the construction and mining industry, allowing for equal load distribution and ensuring a safe work environment.
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